DRAFT - Quick Overview of IC and Intel Process
"[ I ]ntelligence is more than information. It is knowledge that has been specially prepared for a customer's unique circumstances. The word knowledge highlights the need for human involvement. Intelligence collection systems produce...data, not intelligence; only the human mind can provide that special touch that makes sense of the data for different customers' requirements."
Captain William S. Brei, Getting Intelligence Right: The Power of Logical Procedure
Intelligence production is a dynamic and cyclical process that uses a series of steps to add value to the original information and transform that data into an actionable product for a specific purpose. (Understanding the intelligence cycle and the basic types of intelligence.) As part of the Information Sharing Environment (ISE), fusion centers are present on both the supply and demand side of the intelligence community.
- On the supply side, the National Network of Fusion Centers produces, disseminates, and shares intelligence products within the ISE to its federal, state, and local partners.
- On the demand side, fusion centers are customers of domestic-related intelligence products produced by the Intelligence Community.
"[ T ]he intelligence process [ is ] a series of discretionary decisions. At each step, a decision must be made, usually involving a choice from among several possible alternatives. … Violations of privacy and constitutional rights may potentially occur when choices are selected from these various alternatives."
- National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan, (54pp | 1.4mb | PDF) see page 6.
Certain elements of the information sharing process are particularly important for P/CRCL Officers to consider including the following:
- Data quality and other Fair Information Practice Principles as applied to the Intelligence production cycle;
- Types of products and dissemination methods; (Consider certain "civil liberties red flags".)
- Confidence levels; (Sample confidence statement)
- Error reporting and correction mechanisms (p. 27) (62pp | 1.45mb | PDF) for dealing with bad data and the re-evaluation of products.
P/CRCL Officers may be responsible for screening fusion-center generated Intel products before dissemination, and thus serve a critical role in avoiding privacy or constitutional violations. More on understanding the Intel Product review process from a privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties perspective.
1 Captain William S. Brei, Getting Intelligence Right: The Power of Logical Procedures, Occasional Paper Number
2 (Washington DC: Joint Military Intelligence College, January 1996), 4.