DRAFT - A Quick Brief for P/CRCL Officers on the National Network of Fusion Centers

Mission & Scope PCRCL Officers and Policies Relationship to Federal Government Relationship to State and Local Directory Read More

Currently there are seventy-eight (78) state and major urban area fusion centers, designated by the governor of their state; owned and operated by state and local entities. What is the difference between primary centers and recognized centers on this list?

Mission and Scope

Fusion centers serve as focal points within the state and local environment for the receipt, analysis, gathering, and sharing of threat-related information between the federal government and state, local, tribal, territorial, and private sector partners. State and local host agencies vary by jurisdiction and, as a result in addition to their anti-terrorism mission, many fusion centers take an "all-crimes" and/or an "all-hazards" approach to intelligence analysis and information sharing. Regardless of approach, privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties protections are integral to the operations of fusion centers.

P/CRCL Policies and Officers at Fusion Centers

"In order to participate in the ISE, the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 requires Federal departments and agencies as well as non-Federal partners (emphasis added) to implement protections "at least as comprehensive as" the ISE Privacy Guidelines (9pp | 130kb | PDF).

The cornerstone of these protections at fusion centers is each center's privacy/civil liberties policy. Each center has a policy that has been found to be at least as comprehensive as the ISE Privacy Guidelines (9pp | 130kb | PDF).

The National Fusion Center Association posts many of the Fusion Center Privacy/Civil Liberties policies.

Each fusion center also has designated a Privacy, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties (P/CRCL) Officer, who oversees the implementation of the center's privacy/civil liberties policy. More on the Role of the P/CRCL Officer.

Relationship of the Fusion Center Network to the Federal Government

"The Federal Government does not dictate where fusion centers should be built and maintained, nor does it designate fusion centers. However, the Federal Government has a shared responsibility with state and local governments to promote the establishment of a national network of fusion centers to facilitate effective information sharing. Since 2001, the Federal Government has provided significant grant funding, training, technical assistance, exercise support, federal personnel, and access to federal information and networks to support fusion centers."

Central to this relationship is the ISE Privacy, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties Protection Framework.

Federal support of particular interest to P/CRCL officers includes:

Relationship of the Fusion Centers to other State and Local Entities/Private sector

Fusion centers conduct analysis and facilitate information sharing while assisting law enforcement and homeland security partners in preventing, protecting against, and responding to crime and terrorism. State and local partners include front-line law enforcement, public safety, fire service, emergency response, private sector security, critical infrastructure protection, Native American tribes (2pp | 1.3mb | PDF) and public health personnel. (30pp | 1.7mb | PDF) Many fusion centers have formal liaison relationships with many of these entities, sometimes with personnel detailed to fusion centers.

P/CRCL Officers may be called upon to provide P/CRCL training for their center's law enforcement liaison officer network or otherwise ensure that P/CRCL protections are integrated into the fusion center-related work of the liaison officers.

More on the role of a P/CRCL Officer.

Read More on Fusion Centers

Fusion center network descriptions from federal

National Fusion Center Network Annual Assessment (DHS) and gap mitigation activities.

Source: The DHS Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties and the DHS Privacy Office.
Last date page updated: 7/12/13 (CRCL)

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