DRAFT - Fair Information Practice Principles (FIPPs)


The Fair Information Practice Principles (FIPPs) are a set of internationally recognized principles that inform individual information privacy policies both within government and the private sector.

Although specific articulations of the FIPPs vary between entities and have evolved since their genesis in the 1970s, core elements are consistent among nations, states, and economic sectors. For example, The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's articulation of the FIPPs is influential internationally; the FIPPs are at the core of the Privacy Act of 1974 , which applies these principles to U.S. Federal agencies; and the FIPPs are mirrored in the laws [26 pp. | 122 KB| PDF] of many U.S. states, as well as many foreign nations and international organizations.

The FIPPs also serve as a framework to guide the development of fusion center privacy policies, privacy impact assessments, and in the design and deployment of programs, initiatives, and IT systems.

The eight FIPPs are listed below. Click on the each principle for more information, including real-life examples of implementation approaches taken from DHS materials, such as Privacy Impact Assessments. These examples demonstrate one possible approach to implementation, but are by no means exhaustive.

fipps1 fipps2 fipps3 fipps4
fipps6 fipps7 fipps8

Additional Resources

DHS designated the FIPPs [4 pp. | 101 KB | PDF] as the foundational principles for privacy policy and implementation in 2008.

The FIPPs are used as the framework for DHS privacy impact assessments, including the State, Local, and Regional Fusion Center Initiative PIA [42 pp. | 319 KB | PDF].

Source: The DHS Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties and the DHS Privacy Office.
Last date page updated: 3/12/15 (CRCL)

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