9. Subject Matter Expert
|1. Policy Development||2. Policy Implementation||3. Operations|
||5. Oversight||6. Redress|
|7. Outreach||8. Coordination||9. SME|
Maintain knowledge of relevant P/CRCL, intelligence-related, data security, and public records laws
Having a strong understanding of the potential pitfalls can assist in developing a strong P/CRCL policy and program. To learn more about the viewpoints of privacy advocates review reports in this Portal's Experts Reports and Research Library.
Be acquainted with organizations and resources that help you build your knowledge. The Rand Corporation has sections on Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and Terrorism and Homeland Security. The Brookings Institution also has sections on Constitutional Issues and Homeland Security Research.
Academic Institutions often have valuable resources to assist in developing your knowledge base. The Naval Postgraduate School provides a variety of online resources, including an extensive library. The National Intelligence University offers a variety of resources, including several free publications.
Finally, familiarize yourself with all the fusion center's operations. A P/CRCL Officer well versed in the subject matter and fusion operations should be able to address questions from colleagues or respond to the ACLU's Questions to Ask About Fusion Centers.
Building your P/CRCL Network
P/CRCL Officers are required to have a understanding of a broad array of laws and regulations. As such, it may take years to build your expertise. In the meantime, ensure that you keep up to date on current issues and events related to P/CRCL by reviewing the Fusion Center P/CRCL Newsletter.
In addition, consider finding a more experienced P/CRCL Officer as a mentor. Mentors provide advice when a P/CRCL Officer may encounter a new or difficult situation. They share their expertise, experiences, and thought process to help guide the new P/CRCL Officer to reach the appropriate solution. For more information on additional organization to seek out mentors review the professional development page.
Those with well-honed knowledge of PCRCL issues in the law enforcement or intelligence environment might consider bolstering their skills by joining a professional organization or obtaining a certification, such as:
- American Bar Association
- Legal Officers Section of the International Association of Chiefs of Police
- Certified Information Privacy Professional from the International Association of Privacy Professionals
A good way to gain more knowledge on fusion center operations and the intelligence process is to attend the Fusion Center Leaders Program, which brings together management level fusion center personnel and key federal partners to learn about and discuss the issues and challenges facing the information sharing environment, fusion centers, and P/CRCL issues. Dates are announced on the Naval Postgraduate School website and via the Homeland Security Information Network.
Knowledge for Training Purposes
P/CRCL Officers should have an understanding of a broad array of P/CRCL issues in order to train appropriate fusion center personnel. At a minimum P/CRCL Officers should become an expert on the following issues:
- Fair Information Practice Principles (FIPPs). Another resource that may be useful is the FC Guidelines for Establishing and Operating FC at local, state, and federal levels (pg 41)(104pp | 4.1mb | PDF).
- 28 CFR Pt 23. 28 CFR Pt 23 provides guidance for law enforcement agencies on how to operate criminal intelligence information systems effectively while protecting individuals' privacy and constitutional rights during the collection, storage, and dissemination of criminal intelligence information.
- Intelligence Product Review. The Checklist for the Development, Review, and Dissemination of Analytic Products and Resources (2pp | 2.8mb | PDF) provides a short section on P/CRCL issues.
- Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA). Each agency should periodically conduct a PIA.
- CRCL Authorities and Guidance, Federal Statutes, Federal Regulations. This page provides a comprehensive overview of relevant statutes, regulations, and guidance that a P/CRCL Officer should have an understanding of.